Jump to navigation Jump to search
|<<||Selected anniversaries for June||>>|
|An archive of historical anniversaries that appeared on the Main Page|
2019 day arrangement
- 1660 – Mary Dyer was hanged in Boston for repeatedly defying a law banning Quakers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
- 1794 – The Glorious First of June, the first and largest fleet action of the naval conflict between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the French First Republic during the French Revolutionary Wars, was fought.
- 1942 – World War II: The crews of three Japanese Type A Kō-hyōteki-class submarines scuttled their boats and committed suicide after entering Sydney Harbour and launching a failed attack.
- 1974 – In an informal article in a medical journal, Henry Heimlich introduced the concept of abdominal thrusts, commonly known as the "Heimlich maneuver", to help choking victims.
- 1999 – On landing at Little Rock National Airport in the U.S. state of Arkansas, American Airlines Flight 1420 overran the runway and crashed (wreckage pictured), resulting in 11 deaths.
- 455 – After having removed Petronius Maximus from the throne, Vandals led by Genseric entered Rome and sacked it for two weeks.
- 1805 – Napoleonic Wars: A Franco-Spanish fleet recaptured British-held Diamond Rock (pictured), an uninhabited island at the entrance to the bay leading to Fort-de-France.
- 1919 – First Red Scare: Anarchist followers of Luigi Galleani set off eight bombs in eight cities across the United States.
- 1967 – German university student Benno Ohnesorg was killed during a protest in West Berlin against the visit of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi of Iran, sparking the formation of the militant group 2 June Movement.
- 1994 – The Royal Air Force suffered its worst peacetime disaster when a Chinook helicopter crashed on the Mull of Kintyre, Scotland, killing all 29 people on board.
- 1781 – American Revolutionary War: Jack Jouett made a 40-mile (64 km) ride to warn Thomas Jefferson and the Virginia legislature of coming British cavalry who had been sent to capture them.
- 1844 – The last known pair of great auks (specimens depicted), the only modern species in the genus Pinguinus, were killed on Eldey, off the coast of Iceland.
- 1950 – Herzog and Lachenal of the French Annapurna expedition became the first climbers to reach the summit of an 8,000-metre peak.
- 1969 – During a SEATO exercise HMAS Melbourne of the Royal Australian Navy collided with the U.S. Navy's USS Frank E. Evans, cutting the latter in two and killing 74 people.
- 1982 – An assassination attempt on Shlomo Argov, the Israeli ambassador to the United Kingdom, failed; this was later used as justification for the 1982 Lebanon War.
- 1411 – King Charles VI of France granted a monopoly for the ripening of Roquefort cheese to the people of Roquefort-sur-Soulzon.
- 1792 – Royal Navy Captain George Vancouver claimed Puget Sound in the Pacific Northwest for Great Britain.
- 1913 – Emily Davison (pictured), an activist for women's suffrage in the United Kingdom, was fatally injured when she was trampled by King George V's horse at the Epsom Derby.
- 1944 – World War II: A United States Navy task group captured German submarine U-505.
- 1989 – The People's Liberation Army suppressed the Tiananmen Square protests in Beijing, leaving many dead and wounded.
- 1832 – The June Rebellion (depicted), an anti-monarchist uprising, broke out in Paris.
- 1862 – Vietnamese guerrilla leader Tr??ng ??nh decided to defy Emperor T? ??c and the Treaty of Saigon, choosing to fight on against the Europeans.
- 1941 – Second Sino-Japanese War: During one sortie in a five-year bombing campaign on Chongqing, 4,000 people died of asphyxiation when the tunnel they were hiding in became blocked.
- 1981 – The Centers for Disease Control recorded a cluster of Pneumocystis pneumonia cases among homosexual men in Los Angeles, the first reported cases of AIDS.
- 2009 – After almost two months of civil disobedience, at least 31 people were killed in clashes between the National Police and indigenous people in Peru's Bagua Province.
- 1513 – War of the League of Cambrai: A Milanese force with Swiss mercenaries defeated the French in Novara, forcing them to withdraw from Milan and Italy.
- 1749 – A plot by Muslim slaves in Malta to assassinate Manuel Pinto da Fonseca of the Knights Hospitaller was uncovered.
- 1894 – Colorado Governor Davis Hanson Waite ordered his state militia to protect and support the miners engaged in the Cripple Creek miners' strike.
- 1944 – World War II: The Invasion of Normandy, the largest amphibious military operation in history, began with Allied troops landing on the beaches of Normandy (pictured) in France.
- 1971 – Hughes Airwest Flight 706 collided with a U.S. Marine Corps F-4B Phantom II near Duarte, California, killing 50 people, the radar intercept officer of the F-4B being the sole survivor.
- 421 – Roman emperor Theodosius II married Aelia Eudocia (depicted in mosaic), who later helped protect Greek pagans and Jews from persecution.
- 1776 – Virginia statesman Richard Henry Lee presented a resolution to the Second Continental Congress, which called for the Thirteen Colonies to declare independence from Great Britain.
- 1917 – First World War: The British Army detonated 19 ammonal mines under the German lines, killing 10,000 in the deadliest non-nuclear man-made explosion in history.
- 1969 – The rock supergroup Blind Faith, featuring Eric Clapton, Steve Winwood and Ginger Baker, played their only UK show in Hyde Park in front of 100,000 fans.
- 218 – With the support of the Syrian legions, Elagabalus defeated the forces of Roman emperor Macrinus.
- 1887 – German-American statistician Herman Hollerith received a patent for his punch card tabulator.
- 1929 – Margaret Bondfield became the first female member of the Cabinet of the United Kingdom when she was named Minister of Labour by Ramsay MacDonald.
- 1967 – The Israeli Air Force attacked the U.S. Navy intelligence ship USS Liberty (pictured) in international waters, killing 34 and wounding at least 173.
- 2009 – Two American journalists, having been arrested for illegal entry into North Korea, were sentenced to twelve years hard labor before being pardoned two months later.
- 747 – Abu Muslim initiated an open revolt against Umayyad rule, which was carried out under the sign of the Black Standard.
- 1856 – Mormon pioneers began leaving Iowa City, Iowa, and headed west for Salt Lake City, Utah, carrying all their possessions in two-wheeled handcarts.
- 1915 – Unhappy with President Theodore Roosevelt's handling of the RMS Lusitania sinking, William Jennings Bryan (pictured) resigned as Secretary of State.
- 1944 – World War II: In reprisal for successful French Resistance attacks, the SS and SD hanged 99 men in the town of Tulle.
- 1965 – The Viet Cong commenced combat with the Army of the Republic of Vietnam in the Battle of ??ng Xoài, one of the largest battles in the Vietnam War.
- 1190 – Third Crusade: Frederick Barbarossa drowned in the Saleph River in Anatolia.
- 1786 – A landslide dam on the Dadu River caused by an earthquake ten days earlier was destroyed by an aftershock, causing a flood that killed an estimated 100,000 people.
- 1886 – Mount Tarawera, a volcano in the North Island of New Zealand, erupted (depicted), killing up to 150 people and creating the Waimangu Volcanic Rift Valley.
- 1925 – The United Church of Canada, the country's largest Protestant church, held its inaugural service in Toronto's Mutual Street Arena.
- 1991 – Eleven-year-old Jaycee Lee Dugard was kidnapped in South Lake Tahoe, California; she remained a captive until 2009.
- 1509 – Catherine of Aragon married King Henry VIII of England, becoming the first of his six wives.
- 1594 – In the Philippines, Philip II of Spain recognized the right to govern of the Principalía, the local nobles and chieftains who had converted to Roman Catholicism.
- 1847 – Afonso died at age two, leaving his father Pedro II, the last emperor of Brazil, without a male heir.
- 1963 – The University of Alabama was desegregated as Governor George Wallace stepped aside after defiantly blocking the entrance (pictured) to an auditorium.
- 2008 – Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper apologised to the First Nations for past governments' policies of forced assimilation.
- 1240 – The Disputation of Paris began in the court of King Louis IX, in which four rabbis defended the Talmud against Nicholas Donin's accusations of blasphemy.
- 1864 – Union General Ulysses S. Grant pulled his troops out of the Battle of Cold Harbor in Hanover County, Virginia, ending one of the bloodiest, most lopsided battles in the American Civil War.
- 1942 – On her thirteenth birthday, Anne Frank (pictured) began keeping her diary during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands.
- 1994 – The Boeing 777, the world's largest twinjet, made its first flight.
- 1999 – In the aftermath of the bombing of Yugoslavia and the Kosovo War, the NATO-led Kosovo Force entered Kosovo with a mandate of establishing a secure environment in the territory.
- 313 – The Edict of Milan, an agreement between Constantine the Great and Licinius to treat Christians benevolently within the Roman Empire, was posted in Nicomedia.
- 1525 – Martin Luther married Katharina von Bora, defying the celibacy discipline decreed by the Roman Catholic Church for priests.
- 1955 – Soviet geologists discovered a diamond-bearing deposit in Eastern Siberia, leading to the construction of the Mir mine (pictured), the first diamond mine in the USSR and the second-largest excavated hole in the world.
- 1969 – Governor of Texas Preston Smith signed a law converting a research arm of Texas Instruments into the University of Texas at Dallas.
- 1983 – Pioneer 10 passed the orbit of Neptune, becoming the first man-made object to leave the proximity of the major planets of the Solar System.
- 1285 – Forces led by Prince Tr?n Quang Kh?i of Vietnam's Tr?n dynasty destroyed most of the invading Mongol naval fleet in a battle at Chuong Duong.
- 1800 – War of the Second Coalition: In the Battle of Marengo, Napoleonic forces secured victory over the Habsburgs when defeat had appeared inevitable until the arrival of French troops led by Louis Desaix.
- 1900 – The second of the German Naval Laws was passed, doubling the size of the Imperial German Navy.
- 1949 – Albert II became the first monkey in space, reaching an altitude of 134 km (83 mi) in a V-2 rocket.
- 1966 – The Vatican formally abolished its 427-year-old list of prohibited books (title page pictured).
- 1670 – The first stone of Malta's Fort Ricasoli was laid.
- 1878 – Eadweard Muybridge took a series of photographs to prove that all four feet of a horse leave the ground when it gallops (animation pictured), which became the basis of motion pictures.
- 1919 – After nearly 16 hours, the Vickers Vimy flown by John Alcock and Arthur Whitten Brown crash-landed in County Galway, Ireland, to complete the first non-stop transatlantic flight.
- 1944 – In the Saskatchewan general election, the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation led by Tommy Douglas won enough seats in the Legislative Assembly to form the first socialist government in North America.
- 1996 – The Troubles: The Provisional Irish Republican Army detonated a truck bomb in the commercial centre of Manchester, England, injuring more than 200 people and causing widespread damage to buildings.
- 1407 – During the Ming–H? War, the Chinese Ming armies captured H? Quy Ly and his sons, thus ending the Vietnamese H? dynasty.
- 1819 – A strong earthquake in the Kutch district of Gujarat, India, caused a local zone of uplift that dammed the Nara river, which was later named as the Allah Bund ("Dam of God").
- 1904 – Irish author James Joyce (pictured) began his relationship with Nora Barnacle, and subsequently used the date to set the actions for his 1922 novel Ulysses.
- 1958 – Imre Nagy and other leaders of the failed Hungarian Revolution of 1956 were executed following secret trials.
- 2016 – Jo Cox, a British Member of Parliament, was murdered in her constituency.
- 653 – Pope Martin I (pictured) was arrested in the Lateran Palace before being taken to Constantinople and tried for high treason.
- 1631 – Mumtaz Mahal, wife of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, died in childbirth; Jahan spent the next seventeen years constructing her mausoleum, the Taj Mahal.
- 1876 – Great Sioux War: A band of Lakota Sioux and Cheyenne attacked a United States Army expedition and its Crow and Shoshone allies in the Battle of the Rosebud.
- 1940 – Second World War: Britain's worst maritime disaster occurred when at least 3,000 people were killed as a result of the troopship RMS Lancastria's sinking by the Luftwaffe near Saint-Nazaire, France.
- 1985 – On board Space Shuttle Discovery, Sultan bin Salman Al Saud became the first Arab, the first Muslim, and the first astronaut of royal blood to fly in outer space.
- 618 – Li Yuan (pictured) declared himself to be emperor of a new Chinese dynasty known as Tang, which lasted for three centuries.
- 1815 – War of the Seventh Coalition: Napoleon Bonaparte fought and lost his final battle, the Battle of Waterloo, in present-day Belgium.
- 1940 – Charles de Gaulle gave his Appeal of 18 June speech, inspiring the French Resistance, and Winston Churchill urged Britons to fight so that future generations would say, "This was their finest hour".
- 1982 – The body of Italian banker Roberto Calvi, known as "God's Banker" due to his close association with the Vatican, was found hanging from scaffolding beneath London's Blackfriars Bridge.
- 2009 – NASA launched the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter, its first mission to the moon in over ten years.
- 325 – The original Nicene Creed, a statement of belief widely used in Christian liturgy, was presented at the First Council of Nicaea.
- 1816 – The Hudson's Bay Company and the North West Company, rival fur-trading companies, engaged in a violent confrontation in present-day Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
- 1939 – Former American baseball player Lou Gehrig (pictured) was diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, now commonly known in the United States as "Lou Gehrig's Disease".
- 1987 – Basque separatist group ETA detonated a car bomb at the Hipercor shopping centre in Barcelona, killing 21 people and injuring 45 others.
- 2009 – War in Afghanistan: British forces began Operation Panther's Claw, in which more than 350 troops made an aerial assault on Taliban positions in Southern Afghanistan.
- 1789 – French Revolution: Members of the Third Estate took the Tennis Court Oath, pledging not to separate until a new constitution was established.
- 1819 – Arriving in Liverpool, SS Savannah (pictured) became the first steamship to cross the Atlantic Ocean.
- 1959 – The extratropical remnants of an Atlantic hurricane reached the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, Canada, capsizing at least 22 fishing boats and causing 35 fatalities.
- 1979 – Bill Stewart, an American journalist, was executed by Nicaraguan Guardia forces, resulting in the rapid withdrawal of support for the Somoza regime by the United States.
- 2009 – During the Iranian presidential election protests, the death of Neda Agha-Soltan was captured on video and became widely distributed on the Internet, making it "probably the most widely witnessed death in human history".
- 1529 – War of the League of Cognac: The French army under Francis de Bourbon was destroyed in Lombardy, Italy, by the Spanish army.
- 1848 – In the Wallachian Revolution, Ion Heliade R?dulescu and Christian Tell proclaimed a new republican government.
- 1919 – Admiral Ludwig von Reuter scuttled the German High Seas Fleet in Scapa Flow to prevent the ships from being seized and divided amongst the Allied Powers.
- 1957 – Ellen Fairclough (pictured) became the first woman appointed to the Canadian Cabinet.
- 1973 – The U.S. Supreme Court delivered its decision in the landmark case Miller v. California, establishing the "Miller test" for determining what is obscene material.
- 813 – Byzantine–Bulgarian wars: A vastly outnumbered Bulgarian Empire force defeated a Byzantine army in the Battle of Versinikia.
- 1807 – The British warship HMS Leopard pursued and attacked the American frigate USS Chesapeake in the belief that the latter had deserters from the Royal Navy.
- 1911 – George V and Mary of Teck (both pictured) were crowned King and Queen of the United Kingdom at Westminster Abbey in London.
- 1941 – World War II: As Axis troops began their invasion of the Soviet Union, the Lithuanian Activist Front started an uprising to liberate Lithuania from Soviet occupation.
- 2009 – Two Metro trains in Washington, D.C., collided, killing nine people and injuring eighty others.
- 1280 – Reconquista: Troops of the Emirate of Granada defeated those of the Kingdom of Castile and the Kingdom of León in the Battle of Moclín.
- 1865 – Stand Watie (pictured) became the last Confederate general to surrender in the American Civil War.
- 1926 – The College Board administered the first SAT, a major standardized test for university and college admissions in the United States.
- 1985 – A bomb attributed to the Sikh separatist group Babbar Khalsa destroyed Air India Flight 182 above the Atlantic Ocean, killing all 329 on board.
- 2016 – Citizens of the United Kingdom voted to support a non-binding resolution to leave the European Union.
- 1622 – Dutch–Portuguese War: An outnumbered Portuguese force repelled a Dutch attack in the Battle of Macau, the only major military engagement that was fought between two European powers on the Chinese mainland.
- 1812 – Napoleonic Wars: The French Grande Armée under Napoleon crossed the Neman River, marking the start of their invasion of Russia.
- 1880 – "O Canada" (audio featured), today the national anthem of Canada, was first performed in Quebec City, during a Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day banquet.
- 1939 – The first of the Thai cultural mandates was issued, officially changing the country's name from Siam to Thailand.
- 1994 – A United States Air Force B-52 Stratofortress crashed at Fairchild Air Force Base in Spokane County, Washington, killing all four crew members, and later providing a case study on the importance of compliance with safety regulations.
- 1658 – Anglo-Spanish War: English colonial forces repelled a Spanish attack in the largest battle ever fought on the island of Jamaica.
- 1678 – Venetian mathematician Elena Cornaro Piscopia became the first woman to receive a doctor of philosophy degree.
- 1940 – World War II: The evacuation of nearly 200,000 Allied soldiers from French ports was completed.
- 1950 – The Korean War began with North Korean forces launching a pre-dawn raid over the 38th parallel into South Korea.
- 2009 – Singer Michael Jackson (pictured) died as a result of the combination of drugs in his body.
- 1295 – Przemys? II was crowned King of Poland, the first coronation of a Polish ruler in 219 years.
- 1848 – French authorities suppressed the June Days uprising (pictured), in which workers rioted in response to plans to close the National Workshops.
- 1918 – World War I: The 26-day Battle of Belleau Wood near the Marne River in France ended with American forces finally clearing that forest of German troops.
- 1945 – At a conference in San Francisco, delegates from 50 nations signed a charter establishing the United Nations.
- 2015 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Obergefell v. Hodges that the right to marry is guaranteed to same-sex couples by the 14th Amendment.
- 678 – Pope Agatho, later venerated as a saint in both the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches, began his pontificate.
- 1899 – A. E. J. Collins (pictured) scored 628 runs not out, the highest-ever recorded score in cricket until 2016.
- 1954 – The Obninsk Nuclear Power Plant was connected to the electrical grid, becoming the world's first nuclear power plant to produce electricity industrially.
- 1994 – Members of the Aum Shinrikyo cult released sarin gas in Matsumoto, Japan, killing 8 and injuring over 500 others.
- 2008 – Robert Mugabe was re-elected as President of Zimbabwe with an overwhelming majority after his opponent Morgan Tsvangirai withdrew a week earlier, citing violence against his party's supporters.
- 1776 – American Revolutionary War: The South Carolina militia repelled a British attack on Charleston.
- 1841 – Giselle (Anna Pavlova pictured in the title role), a ballet by French composer Adolphe Adam, was first performed at the Théatre de l'Académie Royale de Musique in Paris.
- 1911 – The first meteorite to suggest signs of aqueous processes on Mars fell to Earth in Abu Hummus, Egypt.
- 1978 – In Regents of the Univ. of Cal. v. Bakke, the U.S. Supreme Court barred quota systems in college admissions but declared that affirmative action programs giving advantage to minorities are constitutional.
- 2016 – Gunmen attacked Istanbul's Atatürk Airport, killing 45 people and injuring more than 230 others.
- 1149 – Second Crusade: An army led by Nur ad-Din Zangi destroyed the forces of Antioch led by Prince Raymond.
- 1659 – Russo-Polish War: The hetman of Ukraine Ivan Vyhovsky and his allies defeated the armies of Russian Tsardom led by Aleksey Trubetskoy at the Battle of Konotop in the present-day Sumy Oblast of Ukraine.
- 1914 – During the second day of the anti-Serb riots in Sarajevo (aftermath pictured), numerous buildings owned by ethnic Serbs were vandalized and looted.
- 1950 – In one of the greatest upsets in tournament history, the United States defeated England during the 1950 FIFA World Cup.
- 1985 – The European Economic Community adopted the Flag of Europe, a flag previously adopted by the Council of Europe in 1955.
- 1559 – During a jousting match, King Henry II of France was mortally wounded when fragments of the splintered lance of Gabriel Montgomery pierced his eye.
- 1859 – French acrobat Charles Blondin crossed Niagara Gorge on a tightrope, making him one of the world's most famous tightrope walkers.
- 1894 – London's Tower Bridge (pictured), a combined bascule and suspension bridge over the River Thames, opened.
- 1960 – The Belgian Congo received its independence from colonial rule, beginning a period of instability that ended in the dictatorship of Joseph-Désiré Mobutu in 1965.
- 1985 – Ryan White, a poster child for HIV/AIDS in the U.S., was denied re-admittance to his school, having developed it due to his treatments for hemophilia.